1. What are the feeds that chickens eat?

Chickens eat a lot of different things but a few are given below

    • Agathi Leaves
    • Azolla
    • Amaranthus Leaves (Greens)
    • Dried Fish (Finely grinded)
    • Kudirai Masal Leaves
    • Leaves (Tender Ones)
    • Maize
    • Millets (Cumbu etc)
    • Oil Cakes (Groundnut etc)
    • Paddy
    • Passi (in Tamil)
    • Rice (Broken Ones)
    • Sea Shell (Finely grinded)
    • Seeds (any)
    • Sorghum
    • Subabul Leaves
    • Termites
    • Wheat Flour
    • Worms
    • Vegetable Wastes etc
  1. How many times to feed in a day?
      • Chickens to be provided feed twice a day (morning and evening)
  1. How many times to provide them with water in a day?
      • Chickens to be provided water twice a day (morning and evening)
      • 1 Gram feed intake requires 2.5 Milli Litres of water
      • 100 chickens require 30-35 Litres/day
  1. How much to feed?
      • Chickens eat 6-7 kgs concentrate in their entire life
  1. When does the chickens be allowed to graze?
      • The pregnant chickens should be allowed to graze in the afternoon period only
  1. What is the % of expenses that goes towards feed?
      • 60% of the expenses goes towards feeding the chickens
  1. What is the average Male:Female ratio?
      • 1 (M):10 (F) is the average ratio
  1. What is the lifetime of a chicken?
      • Chickens live up to 15 years
  1. What is the right age for buying a chicken?
      • Chickens of 5-7 months is the right age for buying for reproduction
      • Buy chickens as well as the cock from various places to have diversification
  1. When does the chickens start laying eggs?
      • Chickens will start laying eggs after 26 weeks of age
  1. How much eggs does a chicken lay in a clutch (continuously)?
      • A chicken lays up to 15 eggs in a clutch
  1. When does the chicken lay the eggs?
      • Normally, the chickens lays the eggs in the morning period
  1. Where does the chickens brood?
      • Normally, chickens feel safe to brood in a dark place
  1. How to identify the dates of the laid eggs?
      • The only way to identify the dates of the eggs is to put the days in the eggs using a marker
  1. How many eggs can a chicken brood at a time?
      • 9-11 eggs can be kept for brooding at a time
  1. Which eggs are to kept for brooding?
      • The last laid eggs (9-11) are good for brooding
  1. Within how many days, the eggs has to be kept for brooding?
      • Within 10 days of laying the eggs, the eggs need to be kept for brooding
  1. How to keep the eggs until the brooding time?
      • A pot with a little bit of salt in it will keep the eggs in good condition for 10 days
  1. How many eggs are laid in a year?
      • On an average, 70-80 eggs are laid in a year
  1. How long does it take for a new chicken to get familiar/used to the new environment?
      • A chicken take 4-5 days to get familiar/used to the environment meaning they will remember the new home
  1. How to help the chickens in brooding?
      • A round shaped circle containing sand with a little bit of ash, charcoal, a iron piece and 3 pieces of dry chillies should be kept for brooding
      • On top of the sand, paddy straw can be placed for comfort
      • Charcoal will absorb the moisture
      • Dry chillies will keep the place free from ants, insects etc
      • Iron piece will absorb lightning
  1. How long does it take for the chicks to emerge out of the eggs?
      • Chicks emerge out of the eggs in 21 days
  1. How to take care of the chicks in the initial period?
      • Chicks to be kept in the cages until they can fly a little bit
      • A little bit of turmeric to be added in the water for 1 week for providing the chicks
  1. What is the average weight of a fully grown chicken?
      • Chickens attain 1.5 kgs of weight in 5-6 months
  1. What other poultry goes well with chickens?
      • Turkey and Guinea Fowl goes well with chickens
      • It is said that they eat small insects including small snakes
  1. When to retire the chickens?
      • After 27 months, the laying capacity of the female chickens will reduce and hence the chickens can be retired
      • The male chickens (cock) is retired after one year and new one to be replaced
  1. What are the indigenous breed varieties of chickens of India?
  1. What is the ratio of chickens to be maintained?
      • 60-80% of laying chickens is needed at any point of time
  1. What to sell?
      • Eggs that are not kept for reproducing can be sold
      • One day old chickens can be sold after proper vaccination
      • Male Chickens (Cocks) need to be kept to the average required as they tend to fight within them
      • Chickens of 5-7 months of age can be sold (when it attains 1 kg and above)
      • Chickens beyond their laying capacity (after 27 months) can be sold
  1. When to sell?
      • Should plan to grow in such a manner to sell them during religious festivals like Deepavali, Bakrid etc as it will fetch handsome returns for mass selling.  Otherwise, they can be sold even daily
  1. What basis to sell?
      • Eggs can be sold at double the market rate for white eggs in retail
      • Chickens to be sold on Live Weight basis for meat purposes for better returns
      • Chickens to be sold at 3/4 of market rate
        1. If the market rate is 400 Rs, the farmer can sell at 300 Rs leaving a margin of 33.33% to the buyer
      • Chickens to be sold on Live Weight basis for growing purposes on par with the market rate or even 25% above the market rate
  1. How much space is required for chickens?
      • Chickens require 1-2 Sq Ft of space
  1. What are the diseases that occur commonly in chickens?
      • Fasting in a week improve the immunity in the chickens against diseases
      • Country Chickens are hardly animals and are mostly disease resistant.  Still diseases can attack the chickens and they need to be managed by providing the proper medicines
  1. What are the vaccination schedule?
   Age Disease Vaccine Route
1 day Marek’s HVT vaccine I/M
5-7 days RD Lasota/F Occulonasal
10-14 days IBD IBD Live Drinking water
24-28 days IBD IBD Live Drinking water
8th week RD R2B/RDVK S/C
16-18 week RD Killed/Live S/C
  1. What the main enemies of the chickens?
      • Birds (mainly Vulture)
      • Cats
      • Rats
      • Mongoose
      • Snakes

Source: agricultureforeverybody.blogspot.com/

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